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The city is referred to as the maritime capital of Bulgaria and headquarters the Bulgarian Navy and merchant marine.
In 2008, Varna was designated seat of the Black Sea Euroregion by the Council of Europe.
Theophanes the Confessor first mentioned the name Varna, as the city came to be known with the Slavic conquest of the Balkans in the 6th to 7th century.
The name could be of Varangian origin, as Varangians had been crossing the Black Sea for many years, reaching Constantinople in the early Middle Ages.
Archaeological findings in the past years have indicated that the population of North-East Thrace was very diverse, including the region around Odessos. BC the region was populated with Scythians, who normally inhabit the central Eurasian Steppe (South Russia and Ukraine) and partly the area south of river Istros (the Thracian name of lower Danube).
The Thracians in North-East Thrace seems to be underdeveloped compared to their counterparts in South Thrace.
The people lived in two types of settlements: non-fortified, located in fertile lands near water sources and stone built fortresses in hard to reach mountain environment, where were usually located the kings’ residences.
Thracians engaged in farming, wood processing, hunting and fishing.
Among their art crafts is metal processing – especially weapons, excelling processing of bronze, making of bracelets, rings, Thracian type of fibulas, horse ornaments, arrowheads.