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The girls indicated they became involved in prostitution for basic survival needs such as food, clothing, and shelter, or to acquire expensive material goods.
They often were runaways or throwaways who left home due to family dysfunction and abuse.
Collectively, the research methods addressed the following: • What is the incidence and prevalence of victimization? According to the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, the definition of sex trafficking is the recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing, or obtaining a person for the purposes of a sex act.
The definition does not include the requirement that a victim be transported anywhere.
One group had 19 adult female participants over 18 years of age who were involved in the sex trade industry as juveniles (under the age of 18).
The average age of entry into the sex trade for focus group participants was 12 years old.
Female prostitutes may be controlled, intimidated, socially isolated, and economically dependent on their pimp, who may be a boyfriend or relative, making it difficult to leave a life of prostitution.
Customers and pimps threaten and physically abuse prostitutes by sexual assaulting, kidnapping, stabbing, and beating them.
The goal of the research was to gain a better understanding of the commercial sexual exploitation of children and youth. • What are the needs of exploited youth exiting exploitative situations? Combating commercial sexual exploitation of children The U. government has become increasingly concerned about young victims who are exploited for commercial sex.
The Department of Justice estimates that only 1,300 juveniles were arrested for prostitution in the United States in 1995, a figure that is less than one percent of all juvenile arrests. The Act established penalties for the offenses of involuntary servitude, sexual servitude of a minor, and trafficking of persons for forced labor.
The Illinois Department of Human Services’ Rescue and Restore public awareness campaign, launched in late 2005, offers outreach services and trains law enforcement and other relevant professionals on human trafficking.
Over a 10-year period, from 1994 to 2004, only 45 arrests of juveniles for prostitution were reported (Figure 1).
Also during that period, 162 arrests were made for soliciting a juvenile prostitute, and police arrested 258 individuals for child pornography.