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Britain decided in 1786 to found a new penal outpost in the territory discovered by Cook some 16 years earlier.Captain Philip led the First Fleet of 11 ships and about 850 convicts into Botany Bay on 18 January 1788, though deemed the location unsuitable due to poor soil and a lack of fresh water.Prior to the arrival of the British there were 4,000 to 8,000 native people in Sydney from as many as 29 different clans.The earliest British settlers called the natives Eora people.The coral reefs are artificially made, but the whole place is very much ideal for swimming, fishing, and boating.During low tides, a smaller, more undeveloped island appears and like the rest, is also suitable for fishing and swimming.The Philippines, being a country archipelago of islands and seas, have naturally wonderful beaches, some of which are famous the world over.
The municipal council of Sydney was incorporated in 1842 and became Australia's first city.
Radiocarbon dating suggests human activity first started to occur in the Sydney area from around 30,735 years ago.
However, numerous Aboriginal stone tools were found in Western Sydney's gravel sediments that were dated from 45,000 to 50,000 years BP, which would indicate that there was human settlement in Sydney earlier than thought.
The colony was not founded on the principles of freedom and prosperity.
Maps from this time show no prison buildings; the punishment for convicts was transportation rather than incarceration, but serious offences were penalised by flogging and hanging.