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Taq-e Bostan high-relief of the investiture of Khosrow II (r. The king (center) receives the ring of kingship from Mithra (right).
On the left, apparently sanctifying the investiture, stands a female figure generally assumed to be Anahita (but see remark, below).), the Avestan name of an Indo-Iranian cosmological figure venerated as the divinity of "the Waters" (Aban) and hence associated with fertility, healing and wisdom.
In yet other chapters, the text equates the two, as in "Ardwisur who is Anahid, the father and mother of the Waters" (3.17).
This legend of the river that descends from Mount Hara appears to have remained a part of living observance for many generations.
It might have been derived from the Goddess Sarasvati.
According to Nyberg Yasna 38, which is dedicated "to the earth and the sacred waters" and is part of seven-chapter Yasna Haptanghāiti, is linguistically as old as the Gathas.
In the Aban Yasht, the river yazata is described as "the great spring Ardvi Sura Anahita is the life-increasing, the herd-increasing, the fold-increasing who makes prosperity for all countries" (5.1).
At some point prior to the 4th century BCE, this yazata was conflated with (an analogue of) likewise a divinity of "maiden" fertility and from whom Aredvi Sura Anahita then inherited additional features of a divinity of war and of the planet Venus or "Zohreh" in Arabic.
It was moreover the association with the planet Venus, "it seems, which led Herodotus to record that the [Persis] establishing characteristics prior to the introduction of Zoroastrianism in Western Iran (c.