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A Craftsman bungalow with Prairie elements is as common as a Prairie house with Craftsman elements.Four-square houses freely purloined elements of both.The revolt began in England, where industrialization was the most advanced and its side effects the most odious.Largely inspired by the writings of John Ruskin, an influential moralist and social critic of the time, the Arts & Crafts Movement was just one of many forms of rejection of the dehumanizing effects of factory system and mass production processes.
The nice people at Antique Home Style have put together a handy index of ready-cut house plans from the major manufacturers and builders, including Sears. It borrows from earlier styles, emphasizing some features, deemphasizing others until a new, identifiable form emerges. While the Arts & Crafts Movement provided the philosophy and rationale, the nuances of the architecture were taken from a great many sources: late Victorian shingle-style and other purely American influences such as Shaker and Southwest Spanish Mission; as well as some distinctly Asian influences, particularly the broad horizontal lines, low roofs and well-crafted natural materials characteristic of the traditional Japanese house Craftsman, Prairie and Four-Square styles also borrow freely from each other.
But, by then a great many people had had enough of industrialization.
There was a widespread and growing rebellion against the numbing imensity of massive mechanization and a longing for a earlier, simpler time.
Former days of villages, craft shops and artisans were thought healthier and more humanizing than assembly-line work in factory towns shrouded in smoke and dust. The Industrial Revolution did not go away, or even slow down.
But before finally dying out around 1910 the Arts & Crafts Movement in America spawned a stunning revolution in architecture and design that largely dominated the 20th century until the mid-1930s.