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As a result of Absalon's influence, many other churches were built in the vicinity, making Roskilde the most important town in Zealand.Coins were minted there from the 11th to the 14th century.Absalon, the Danish bishop, had a brick church built on the site of Harald's church in 1170.Today's cathedral was completed in 1275 after five of Absalon's successors had contributed to its construction.With the development of the rail network in the 19th century, Roskilde became an important hub for traffic with Copenhagen, and by the end of the century, there were tobacco factories, iron foundries and machine shops.Among the largest private sector employers today are the IT firm BEC (Bankernes EDB Central) and GPI (Glim Plastic Industri), specializing in plastics.The Risø research facility is also becoming a major employer, extending interest in sustainable energy to the clean technology sphere.
By the time of the Danish Reformation in 1536, there were 12 churches and five monasteries in the city.
The Reformation brought Roskilde's development to an abrupt stop.
While the cathedral continued to be the preferred location for the entombment of the Danish monarchs, most of the other religious institutions disappeared.
Although no traces of these buildings have been discovered, in 1997 archaeologists found the remains of Viking ships in the Isefjord, the oldest of which is dated to 1030.
At the time, there were also two churches in the area: St Jørgensbjerg, an early stone church, and a wooden church discovered under today's St Ib's Church.